1918 – Norquist Catamenial Appliance

1918_Norquist_US1263797-0_web2

Summary

A menstrual cup that holds an absorbent sponge.  The first cup device to offer a ring to grip for removal.


Full Description
(via Google Patents – OCR text – has errors!) https://www.google.com/patents/US1263797

L. E. NOR’QUIST.

CATAMENIAL APPLIANCE.

APPLICATIDN FILED AUG.2I.19H.

Patented. Apr. 23,1918.

. a citizen of the United States of America,

LESTER 1E. NORQUIST, 0F DENVER, COLORADO.

GATAMJENIAL APPLIANCE.

wearer.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 23, T91.

Application filed August 21, 1917. Serial No. 187,437.

To all whom it may concern.”

Be it known that I, LESTER E. NORQUIST,

residing at the city and county of Denver and State of Colorado, have invented anew anduseful Catamenial Appliance, of which the following is-a specification.

This invention relates to improvements 1n catamenial appliances, the same being an 1 mprovement over a similar device for whlch an application for a patent was filed by me on July 20, 1917, Serial No. 181,845.

The object of the invention is to prov1de a thoroughly sanitary appliance of this character, in the form of an elongated cup or vessel, of any suitable material, which is adapted to be inserted in the vagina, the said vessel being adapted to hold a suitable absorbent element such as a sponge, which with the vessel, may be removed, when necessary, for sanitary reasons, the wall of the vessel being formed with apertures through which seceretio-ns passing by the rim of the vessel will be conducted into the interior of the vessel and absorbed by the sponge, the said vessel occasioning no inconvenience to the wearer, and requiring no external supporting means, means being provided for engaging and retaining the sponge within the vessel to insure the withdrawal of the same with the vessel.

These objects are accomplished by the device illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1, is a side elevation of the im short distance below the rim thereof, is proved appliance.

Fig. 2, is a vertical longitudinal sectional view through the cup portion of the same, showing the sponge-retaining spring, the sponge being removed but shown in dotted lines. h Fig. 3, is a plan view of the device.

Fig. 4., is a vertical sectional View on the line H of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5, is a view looking toward the right hand side of Fi 1..

Fig. 6 is ap an view of an undivided sponge retaining ring. And

Fig. 7, is a plan view of a divided ring. Similar letters of reference refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

Referring to the accompanying drawin s:-

The numeral 1 indicates the cup or vessel, which may be made of ,any material suitable for the purpose, such as hard rubberextending grasping portion 3, which is rounded as shown and concaved on each side, so as to provide a member wh1ch may be grasped by the thumb and finger when inserting and removing the vessel. On opposite sides of the vessel, and at a suitable distance below the rim thereof, are formed troughs or channels 4., the bottom walls of which incline downwardly from their outer edges, as clearly shown by Fig. 4., and these channels are upwardly curved from each side of their longitudinal centers, and extend around the wall of the vessel, until they merge at diametrically opposite points. In other words, the lowest portions of the channels are on opposite sides of the vessel rep– resented by its shortest diameter, while the highest points of the channels are at opposite points of the vessel represented by its longest diameter. Diametrically opposite horizontal slots 5 are formed in the wall of the vessel, at the lowest points of the channel, and these slots form communication between the channels and the interior of the vessel. The rim of the vessel is suiiiciently dared to engage the wall of the vagina and be held by the natural contraction thereof, the rim terminating in a thin, rounded edge.

Upon the interior wall of the vessel and a formed an introvertedv flange or lip 6, of slight depth, which is adapted to engage and hold a thin flat ring 7, which may be solid or undivided, as shown in Fig. 6, or divided as shown in Fi 7.

This ring is preferabl dished, as shown in Fig. 2, though its surface maybe flat or horizontally disposed if desired, and it is sprung under the flange 6, which holds it against upward movement.

An absorbent element, preferably a sponge, is inserted in the vessel, a portion of the same extending above the rim thereof, The ring 7 is adapted to hold the sponge in position, as that portion of the sponge below the ring will bulge out, and’engage the inner edge of the ring, and thus the sponge will thereby be retained within the vessel, when the same is withdrawn.

I The sponge absorbs the secretions, and

when necessary may be removed and cleansed. The rim of the vessel is adapted to prevent the escape of the secretion, but should any pass below the rim, 1t Wlll enter the channels 4, and pass into the vessel through the slots 5, when it will be absorbed by the sponge.

In practice, a piece of soft sponge or other suitable absorbent is placed in the vessel so as to fill the sameand extend above the rim. I The vessel is preferably Wholly lnserted, the grasping portion 3 extending forward, and it is removed only for purposes of cleansing.

,The device meets all sanitary requirements, and eliminates the discomfort and inconvenience of appliances in common use.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. A device of the character described, comprising a cup or vessel having a flared rim and adapted to hold an absorbent element, said vessel having openings on opposite sides and channels leading-to said openings, and means for retaining the absorbent element within the cup.

2. A device of the character described, comprising a cup or vessel for retaining an absorbent element, having oppositely positioned openings in its wall and channels which extend up in opposite directionsfrom said openings and merge at diametrically opposite points, and removable means for holding the absorbent element within the vessel, said vessel having a flared rim.

3. In a device of the character described, a vessel adapted to hold an absorbent element, and having a flared rim and terminatlng at its opposite end in a laterally extending grasping portion, a ring in the upper portion of said vessel for retaining said absorbent element and means for holding the same, said vessel having oppositely positioned slots extendin through its wall and channels formed in t e outer surface of the wall, which extend upward in opposite directionsfrom said slots and merge at diametrically opposite points.

4. In a device of the character described, a vessel adapted to hold an absorbent element and having a flared rim and terminating at its opposite end in a laterally disposed grasping portion, the wall of sand vessel having oppositely ositioned horizontal slots, extending theret rough and exterior channels which curve upward from opposite ends of said slots and merge at diametrically opposite points, an interior flange near the upper end of said vessel, and a dished ring which is sprung under said flange, said ring being adapted to retain said absorbent material within the vessel.

5. In a device of the character described, an absorbent elementholdin cup or vessel elliptical in cross section andliaving a flared upper end from which it tapers toward its opposite end, which terminates in a laterally disposed grasping portion, an introverted interior flange in the upper portion of the cup, a flat dished ring which is sprung under said flange and is adapted to retain the absorbent element within the cup, horizontally disposed elongated openings in opposite sides of said cup and exterior channels which curve upward from the opposite ends of said openings, and merge at diametrically opposite points.

6. In a device of the character described, a cup or vessel elliptical in cross section, the lower portion of which terminates in a laterally disposed grasping portion, while the upper portion terminates in a flared rim, said cup being adapted to hold an absorbent element, a removable introverted ring in the upper portion of said cup for retaining the absorbent element therein, exterior channels on opposite sides of said cup which are upwardly curved on each side of their longitudinal centers, their ends meeting at diametrically opposite points on the long diameter of the ellipse, the lower sides of said channels being inclined downwardly from their outer edges, and elongated horizontal oppositely disposed apertures extending through the wall of the cup from the lowest points of said channels.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

LESTER E. NORQUIST.

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